Group Therapy is a form of psychotherapy in which one or more therapists treat a small group of clients together as a group. Some other therapy is including in group therapy, Cognitive behavioral therapy or Interpersonal therapy to exploring and examining interpersonal relationships within the group.
The broader concept of group therapy can be taken to include any helping process that takes place in a group, including support groups, skills training groups (such as anger management, mindfulness, relaxation training or social skills training), and psycho-education groups. More specialized forms of group therapy would include non-verbal expressive therapies such as art therapy, dance therapy, or music therapy.
PURPOSE OF GROUP THERAPY:
In a mixed group that has members at various stages of development or recovery, a member can be inspired and encouraged by another member who has overcome the problems with which they are still struggling.
While this is not strictly speaking a psychotherapeutic process, members often report that it has been very helpful to learn factual information from other members in the group. For example, about their treatment or about access to services.
SOME EASY INFORMATION TO EASILY UNDERSTAND
A)Corrective recapitulation of the primary family experience:
Members often unconsciously identify the group therapist and other group members with their own parents and siblings in a process that is a form of transference specific to group psychotherapy. The therapist’s interpretations can help group member’s gain understanding of the impact of childhood experiences on their personality, and they may learn to avoid unconsciously repeating unhelpful past interactive patterns in present-day relationships.
B)Development of socializing techniques:
The group setting provides a safe and supportive environment for members to take risks by extending their repertoire of interpersonal behavior and improving their social skills.
One way in which group members can develop social skills is through a modelling process, observing and imitating the therapist and other group members. For example, sharing personal feelings, showing concern, and supporting others.
It has been suggested that this is the primary therapeutic factor from which all others flow. Humans are herd animals with an instinctive need to belong to groups, and personal development can only take place in an interpersonal context. A cohesive group is one in which all members feel a sense of belonging, acceptance, and validation.
Learning that one has to take responsibility for one’s own life and the consequences of one’s decisions.
Catharsis is the experience of relief from emotional distress through the free and uninhibited expression of emotion. When members tell their story to a supportive audience, they can obtain relief from chronic feelings of shame and guilt.
Group members achieve a greater level of self-awareness through the process of interacting with others in the group, who give feedback on the member’s behaviour and impact on others.
This factor overlaps with interpersonal learning but refers to the achievement of greater levels of insight into the genesis of one’s problems and the unconscious motivations that underlie one’s behaviour.
Type of therapies include-
- Self Help Therapy
- Expressive Therapy
- Drama Therapy
- Family Therapy
- Play Therapy
- Social Therapy
- Milieu Therapy
- Dance Therapy
- Music Therapy
- Art Therapy
WHY GROUP THYERAPY?
Groups provide positive peer support. from the very beginning, elicits a commitment by all the group members to attend and to recognize that failure to attend, to be on time, and to treat group time as special disappoints the group and reduces its effectiveness. Therefore, both peer support and pressure for abstinence are strong.
Groups reduce the sense of isolation,at the same time; groups can enable participants to identify with others who are struggling with the same issues. The treatment groups of all types provide these opportunities for sharing, for some people the more formal and deliberate nature of participation in process group therapy increases their feelings of security and enhances their ability to share openly.
Groups enable people who abuse substances to witness the recovery of others. From this inspiration, people who are addicted to substances gain hope that they, too, can maintain abstinence. Furthermore, an interpersonal process group, which is of long duration, allows a magnified witnessing of both the changes related to recovery as well as group members’ intra‐ and interpersonal changes.