OCD or Obsessive Compulsive Disorder is an anxiety disorder characterized by uncontrollable thoughts and repetitive rituals that you feel compelled to perform. If you have OCD, you would realize that your thoughts are quite irrational but are difficult to avoid completely. Most people suffering from OCD go great lengths to prevent bad things from happening to them or to their loved ones. There are few categories of OCD sufferers like those who have cleaning or hand-washing compulsions, some who repetitively keep checking if they are doing their chores correctly, others include those who always feel like sinners and some who are always afraid that something bad might happen to them and are a lot more superstitious.
What are the causes of OCD?
Though the exact causes of OCD haven’t been identified yet, but studies suggest that the brain functions differently for people suffering from such disorders. An imbalance in neurotransmitters is involved in this case. OCD can also be caused by genetic disorders. OCD can also grow out of behavioral causes or stress or fear of something. Injuries to brain or other environmental stressors can trigger OCD in people. There are many ways to help yourself if you are suffering from OCD. Also, one can think of consulting a psychiatrist to try out ocd treatment in Kolkata.
Ways to Cure OCD
Let’s take a look at some of the best treatments to cure OCD:
- Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Treatment – This treatment involves gradually exposing the patient to his feared obsessions. This therapy can take a lot of time and effort but the results are great. Here compulsion allows obsession to exist by interrupting the habituation process. A process of habituation reduces the interest in a particular happening once it has already occurred. Once a compulsion is fulfilled by obsession, a person feels a lot of relief. So, we can say without compulsion obsession wouldn’t occur and vice versa.
- Psychosurgery – This is a type of surgery which is mostly suggested to those who don’t respond properly to medications or behavioral therapies. The surgery involves drilling the brain and burning a part of it responsible for this. The particular treatment is effective for those who are suffering from treatment resistant OCD.
- Medically Assisted Therapy – This basically involves use of medicines to treat such syndromes. Patients are given inhibitors that work quite well in most of the cases. Sometimes patients are also provided with anti-depressants which can be beneficial to them but they should generally be avoided because all anti-depressants have their own harmful side effects.
- Therapeutic Treatment – A lot of therapeutic treatments are practiced to help patients with OCD. Some treatments can be as simple as regulating behavioral consequences whereas some can be based on social help or group work. These may be time consuming but are much better than other treatments and can be practiced easily with some basic help from a professional or a close one.
OCD is one of the very common diseases and can be treated properly with or without medication.