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The abuse of prescription drugs for recreational purpose is a serious problem worldwide. This is prevalent among youths and teens. Majority of them think that prescription drugs are safe as doctors prescribe them; however, little do they realise that self-medication is as harmful as drug abuse. Prescription drugs are safe only for people who have been advised by their doctors to take those drugs. Here are a few more things about prescription drug abuse:

1. Prescription drugs that are mostly abused for recreational purpose belong to categories that include Depressants, Stimulants, Opioids and Morphine Derivatives, and Anti-depressants.

2. Depressants come in both capsule and liquid forms. A few depressants falling in the categories such as Seroquel, Zyprexa, and Haldol are antipsychotics as they are used to suppress the symptoms of mental illness. Depressants such as Seconal, Amytal, and Nembutal are abused mainly as sleeping pills or sedatives. Abusing depressants causes serious health implications such as dizziness, fatigue, visual disturbance, slow pulse rate and breathing rate, disorientation, and depression.

3. Those who abuse depressants may become tolerant to them rapidly and as a result, need larger doses to get the same effect. Increasing the levels of the doses might result in coma or death by drug overdose.

4. Opioids are drugs that are used for relieving pain. These act on your nervous system. However, if you continue using these drugs or abuse them, it can cause physical dependence and withdrawal symptoms. The short-term effects of Opioids and Morphine derivatives include nausea, unconsciousness, slow breathing, and drowsiness. With continuous abuse, your body will adapt to its presence, and when you stop it, it will cause muscle and bone pain, vomiting, cold flashes, and insomnia.

5. Stimulants are often called as “uppers” as these drugs elevate your energy level and alertness for a temporary period. When taken, the temporary elevated mood and energy level is quickly followed by depression and exhaustion. This makes the user want the drug again. Stimulants are highly addictive and continuous use can lead to paranoia and feeling of hostility. High doses can even cause an irregular heartbeat.

6. Antidepressant abuse causes irrational behaviour, incoherent thoughts, insomnia, and anxiety. Commonly abused antidepressants include Effexor, Prozac, Paxil, and Remeron.

For prescription drug abusers, the road to sobriety is tough and should always be guided by a qualified addiction counsellor or psychiatrist. If you or anyone around you is struggling with prescription drug abuse, and looking for psychiatrists in Kolkata, contact us at


Emotions are an integral part of your everyday life. Your emotions drive you. You feel frustrated when you are stuck in the traffic for long, feel excited about new opportunities or cry when you are dejected –no doubt you act according to your emotions. However, there are times when you act on your emotions too quickly or act on wrong emotions and take decisions that you regret later. So, how do you manage these negative emotions? Here are a few ways to handle the problematic emotions:

1. Never react immediately

Reacting to an emotion instantly can prompt you to make mistakes you cannot reverse. When you react immediately, chances are high that you will do something wrong. Whenever you are overwhelmed by a particular emotion, take a deep breath and let that overwhelming impulse stabilise. Let your muscles relax, and your heart rate normalise. This will help you calm down and avoid acting on your impulses.

2. Work on your thoughts

Deep within, your emotions are driven by your beliefs. You feel dejected when you have lost something, feel angry when your goals or an important work is thwarted; you feel happy when you know something good is going to happen. By working on your thoughts, you will be able to control the way you react to a situation. Focus on thoughts that make you happy and keep away the negative thoughts. This trick often works with people suffering from social anxiety disorder. If you are still unable to manage your emotions, then it’s better to seek professional help. Consult a psychiatrist to help you control and manage your emotions. If you are looking for good psychiatrists in Kolkata, contact us at

3. Look at the bigger picture

Whatever happens in our lives, whether good or bad, happens for a certain reason and serves a higher purpose. Whenever you are feeling overwhelmed by your emotions or a particular situation, remember that there is a greater purpose which you are not able to comprehend right at that moment but you will understand soon.

4. Be selective

Avoid any such situation that triggers unwanted emotions in you. If you know that a certain situation is likely to make you unhappy or angry, avoid that. For instance, if you find a particular person annoying, find out a way to avoid him or her.

These approaches will help you adapt to the situation, know your emotional triggers and manage them in a better way.


Yes, you work pretty hard and put yourself in the millstone every day to get higher on the professional ladder. But burning the candle at both ends ultimately drains it fast. Long hours at work left you blurry-eyed and exhausted at the end of the day. Sounds familiar? It’s because, to maintain sanity, you need to devote time to yourself. In other words, you need to find ways to achieve a good work-life balance. Here are 6 tips to help you:

1. Prioritise your tasks

Prioritising doesn’t mean only work related tasks. If you sincerely want to achieve a work-life balance, you must learn to prioritise things that you want to do. Start your day with jotting down everything that you want to achieve or do that day. From professional tasks (such as sending invoices and meeting clients) to personal goals (such as meeting friends for dinner or hit the gym), get your list ready.

2. Schedule your time

Prioritising your tasks is one thing and following it is another. No matter how much you feel tempted to push aside your personal matters for work, stick to it. Take every task (including personal ones) as a commitment.

3. Take out time for exercise

When your schedule is overloaded for the day, exercise is the first thing that drops out from the list. The weekly visit to the gym is quickly replaced with client meetings and presentations. However, keeping yourself active is also key to keep your mind healthy and active. Exercise is a great stress buster and improves your productivity.

4. Unplug yourself

We know that you are absolutely in love with technology and social media. But technology has its downsides as well. Being connected through technology means you are always available and you feel pressurised to respond to the e-mails you receive throughout. Or you might find yourself mindlessly scrolling through your Facebook timeline. Keep your phone and laptop aside and give your eyes and mind a break.

5. Accept your limitations

There are times when you find it impossible to take out time for yourself. It’s because you have burdened yourself with too many responsibilities elsewhere. Accept that you have limitations. It feels great to take on responsibilities and challenges at work, but you have your stress threshold. Take time to evaluate your workload and other commitments before saying yes to new responsibilities.

6. Leave your work in Office

Often, you tend to consider the weekends as your extended work days. Everyone needs time to unwind. Stop taking the off days as an opportunity to catch up; instead, shut yourself off from work and ensure that you have enough hours to relax at the end of the busy week.

As you get busy with the things around you, maintaining a balance between work and personal life becomes difficult. If you are still unable to handle the pressure and feeling depressed and stressed, consult a psychiatrist. If you are looking for good psychiatrists in Kolkata, contact us at


Stress and anxiety not only impacts you physically but also have a deep impact on your mental health. People may encounter stress from some factors. Work, personal life, financial issues, and relationship problems can overload your mind. Stress and anxiety can interfere with the brain circuitry in a way that can leave you with long-term mental health issues. Here are a few ways through which stress affects your mental health:

Chronic Depressive Disorder

This is the most common mental illness that is caused by stress and anxiety. Chronic or Manic-Depressive Disorder is characterised by extremely high and low moods for no apparent reason. Those who are suffering from this disorder are very irrational and can shift moods quickly. For instance, if you have a chronic depressive disorder, you might feel happy, very happy or sad, morose for no reason. If you are struggling with such issues, do not waste time and consult a psychiatrist immediately. If you want to contact the best psychiatrists in Kolkata, we can help. Get in touch with us at

Obsessive-compulsive Disorder

This is another form of anxiety disorder that results from stress. A person suffering from OCD is obsessed and is compulsive about a particular action. For instance, a person might be obsessed about bacterial infection and repeatedly wash his or her hands with soap. The person might be so obsessed with the action that he or she will repeat it for an inordinate amount of times. Stress and anxiety is one major factor that leads to such behaviours. So, it’s essential to take it under control to lead a healthy lifestyle.

Eating Disorders

This is a mental problem caused by extreme stress and anxiety. An eating disorder is of two types, Anorexia Nervosa (not eating food at all) and Bulimia Nervosa (this is marked by periods of binging followed by purging). Eating disorder mainly arises from a weak self-esteem. A person suffering from eating disorder has a negative perspective abut body image.

Stress and anxiety result in the release of brain chemicals that affect the functionality of the prefrontal cortex that controls higher-level thinking. When you are under stress, the activity of Cortisol and Norepinephrine mutes your reflective tendencies. This hampers your mental health. Consult a psychiatrist at the earliest to deal with such issues. Contact us at and book your appointment today.


With people getting more tech-savvy, socialising has acquired a new definition.  Now, socialising doesn’t mean get-togethers with friends or family; but it means how many social networking sites you are active in. Social media addiction has grown up to such a level that people now update their status from the bathroom or prefers Facebook over a conventional chat. The problem is growing and needs to be addressed. Here are ways to deal with social media addiction:

Rehabilitation and Psychological Treatment

The first step is to admit that you are addicted to social media. Once you accept it, seek professional help from a good psychiatrist. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy or CBT has shown to be effective in dealing with social media addiction. It helps in evaluating your uneven thoughts, identifies the addictive behaviour and applies various behavioural strategies to address the issue. This therapy also helps you manage your emotions and improves your mood by reducing stress and anxiety. If you are seeking good psychiatrists in Kolkata, then we can help.  Get in touch with our experts at and get rid of any addiction and mental issues.

Turn off notification

Notifications and activity updates from various social media sites keep your phone buzzing constantly. With all those sounds, you feel there are lots of things happening out there. This breaks your concentration and hampers your task in hand. Cut the distraction by keeping the notifications off. Check them when you have finished your work.

Limit your usage

Restrict the amount of time you spend on the social media. Choose a time limit depending on the severity of your addiction. For instance, if you spend 4 to 5 hours each day on social media restrict it to one hour. Set the timer on your watch or phone. Do not extend the time once it’s over. A strong willpower is what you need to kick this addiction.

Get a Hobby

Pick a new hobby. Learn a musical instrument, take up gardening or learn a new language. When you keep yourself busy in doings new things in your spare time, your online time will automatically decrease. Moreover, you can learn a new skill in between.

Apart from all these, try spending time with your family and friends. You do not need to document each moment but try making new memories and enjoying every bit. For any further assistance on any psychiatric issue, get in touch with us at


Hallucinations can be defined as auditory, visual and other sensory perceptions that might appear real to the person having it but aren’t real. Hallucination can affect all the five senses of a person and are usually caused by mental illness, a side effect of certain medication, and other related causes. Here are a few things that you must know about hallucinations:

Hallucinations can affect your sense of taste, smell, vision, and much more. The types of hallucination include:

1. Visual Hallucination

This involves seeing things that don’t exist in reality. You might see anything such as colours, shapes or flashes of light. However, in most of the cases, people who hallucinate see a human –like figure. For instance, the patient might think that a person is standing just in front of him or her when there is actually no one. Sometimes, the patient might also have false perception religious figures or their relatives and loved ones. If any of your loved ones are having such hallucinations, immediately consult a psychiatrist. If you are looking for psychiatrists in Kolkata, get in touch with us at

2. Auditory Hallucination

This is the most common type of hallucination. The patient might hear voices telling them to do something. Other types include hearing footsteps, a clicking sound or tapping noises.

3. Olfactory Hallucination

This involves the sense of smell. The sufferer might smell unpleasant odour or feel that they smell bad when they do not. This also includes scents that a person enjoys.

4. Tactile Hallucination

This type of hallucination involves a sense of touch. A person might feel touch or movement (such as bugs crawling) on their body.

5. Gustatory Hallucination

This is an unpleasant sense of taste. For instance, the patient might experience a constant metallic taste. This is common among people with epilepsy.

Mental illnesses such as dementia, schizophrenia etc. can cause such hallucinations. Apart from that, people who have a history of substance abuse can also hallucinate. Often, lack of sleep and certain medications can also make a person prone to hallucination. In any case, it is essential to get professional help for proper diagnosis of the condition. A psychiatrist can help you understand the nature of your problem and suggest ways (medication, psychological counselling etc.) to provide you long-term relief.


Although the exact reason for various mental illness is still a matter of extensive research; however, one thing is clear that these conditions are influenced by various psychological, biological, and environmental factors. Let’s take a look at the various factors that result in mental disorders:

1. Psychological Factors

Various psychological factors can result in mental trauma which ultimately leads to mental disorders. These factors include:

* Constant neglect
* Psychological trauma during early childhood such as physical, sexual or emotional abuse
* Loss of a parent or any loved one
* Incapability to connect with others or social situations

2. Biological Factors

Imbalances in brain chemicals known as neurotransmitters can also lead to mental disorders. These neurotransmitters facilitate the flow of communication between the nerve cells in the brain. If the flow of these chemicals is hampered, the nerve cells may not function properly. Moreover, any brain injury may also cause mental illness. Other biological factors responsible for mental disorder include:

* Heredity: Mental illness might also run in family. People who have a family member with a particular mental disorder are more likely to develop the same. Experts also believe that mental illness is also related to gene abnormalities.
* Infections: Several infections, such as Paediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorder or PANDA, can result in mental illness such as obsessive-compulsive disorder.
* Brain Injury or defects: Injury to certain parts of the brain can affect its normal functioning, causing mental disorder.
* Prenatal Damage: Trauma caused during the time of birth (such as lack of oxygen) can give rise to certain conditions such as autism.
* Other factors: Poor nutrient supply or exposure to toxins also triggers mental disorders.

3. Environmental Factors

There are a lot of environmental factors or stressors that can trigger mental illness in persons who are susceptible to such disorders. These stressors include:

* A disturbed family life
* Death of a loved one or divorce
* Anxiety, low self-esteem, loneliness or anger
* Social or cultural expectations (for instance, society that upholds thinness as a measurement of beauty can result in people developing eating disorders)
* Substance abuse

We hope that these factors will help you understand the ground that triggers mental illness. In case any of your loved ones is suffering from any mental illness, consult a psychiatrist immediately. If you are looking for psychiatrists in Kolkata, get in touch with us at .

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