Psychological disorder or Mental illness affects your brain and results in mild to severe disturbances in your behaviour. This makes you incapable of dealing with the demands of day-to-day life. There are hundreds of classified types of mental illness. Let’s take look at the most common psychological disorders:
1. Cyclothymic Disorder
This is a very mild form of a bipolar disorder characterised by mood swings, hypomania, mild depression, and elevated mood. In this type of psychological disorder, the low and high period of mood swings are not severe but mild in nature. People with Cyclothymic disorder have an unpredictable mood. A person suffering from this disorder may have a normal mood for months or even have depression or hypomania for more than a month.
2. Psychotic Disorder
This mental illness is characterised by a distorted thinking or awareness. One of the most common symptoms of psychotic disorder is hallucination. People might hear voices or see images that don’t exist. They form a false belief and accept it as true despite evidence that prove them wrong. The most common example of psychotic disorder is Schizophrenia. It can be only controlled with constant medication and psychotherapy. In case you are seeking psychological counselling in Kolkata, then get in touch with us. Our expert counsellors and psychotherapists can help you overcome your mental health issues.
3. Impulse control Disorder
People who are suffering from impulse control disorder are unable to resist their urge or impulse to do or perform certain actions that may be harmful to them or others. Examples of impulse control disorder include Kleptomania (urge to steal), Pyromania (urge to set everything on fire), and compulsive gambling.
4. Paranoid Personality Disorder
This is a type of personality disorder characterised by unusual and eccentric ways of thinking. People who suffer from Paranoid Personality Disorder are suspicious of others, do not trust anyone and are constantly gripped by paranoia. They hold a strong belief that others are constantly trying to harm them or threaten them in any way. This refrains them from forming a close relationship with others.
5. Stress response syndromes
People develop Stress Response Syndromes when they pick up a particular emotional or behavioural symptom in response to a certain stressful incident. The stress factors can be a natural disaster or an accident or any major illness or personal reasons such as divorce. This syndrome usually starts to show by a few months of the stressful event and may last a few months after the stress factor is been eliminated. Constant psychological counselling along with medication can help alleviate such syndromes.
6. Dissociative disorder
People suffering from this disorder experience tremendous changes in identity, consciousness, and memory. They have disturbance in having a general awareness of themselves and their surroundings. Such disorder usually triggers from overwhelming stress or any traumatic event witnessed by the patient. This disorder was previously known as “multiple personality disorder” or “split personality.”
These psychological disorders if left untreated can lead to severe impairment. So, it is essential to consult a psychologist as early as possible.